There are a lot of different types of concrete slabs out there, and they will change depending on the use for the slab.
Foundations for Homes and Buildings
If you want the home to be safe and to have a good value, then it is critical to have an excellent foundation in place. There are a lot of things to think about when having a proper foundation put into place such as using the proper subgrade, allowing the concrete to cure properly, avoiding issues with the settlement, and using the proper foundation for the kind of building being constructed. Every single step of the construction will have different components and requirements to think about, if you want the foundation to be put in properly.
The Process of Constructing the Foundation
There is a big process when installing the foundation for a building, the reason for this is because the foundation is everything. It will not matter how good your home is, if it is built on a weak foundation.
The Concrete Footings
An important part of building the foundation is to ensure that the footings are installed properly, because this is vital.
A common method when constructing a concrete foundation is to support it, in some kind of area where the ground will eventually freeze. The concrete footing will be installed underneath the frost line, and then the walls will be installed on top of that. The wall will be narrower than the footing, this will allow for more support at the foundation’s base.
A slab of concrete will be a few inches thick. The slab will be thicker around the edges, this will create the footing, and the rods for reinforcing will be placed to help improve the strength of the edge. Usually the slab of concrete will be on top of some crushed gravel; this is used to help make the drainage better. You should make sure to put a wire mesh in your concrete, because this will make it much more resistant to it cracking over time.
There are also some methods of making a foundation depending on the climate, which you will want to think about and this method is used for structures that are heated. This form of construction will actually rely on two different sheets of polystyrene insulation that is quite rigid, and one will be outside of your foundation and then another will be laid on top of some gravel along the base of your walls, this will ensure that freezing will not happen, but this can be a big issue in areas that have frost.
The insulation will hold in the heart from the building which will help prevent the loss of heat from the edges of the concrete slab and the footings. The heat will prevent the ground around the foundation from freezing, but if you live in an area that is colder then this is a method you probably will not want to use but it is perfect for warmer climates.
Brought to you by AAA Concreting